Archive for the ‘children’s books’ Category

My daughter recently bought a copy of Archie’s Pals’n’Gals Double Digest (#124), and lo and behold the first story is about the kids from Riverdale thinking up things to reduce carbon emissions for a school contest. Anyway, the gradient from how Betty carries herself and how Veronica looks at things is intriguing, and I thought it could make an interesting slide down the road.

bettyvsveronica

Just so you know (Spoiler alert!), Jughead comes up with the winning entry by suggesting fridges with see through doors. Awesome!
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kitamurawaterAs of 2007, residents of Vancouver, on average used 295 litres of water per day (Per capita water consumption number is 542 litres per day factoring in non-residential water use).

(link)

The contrast is pretty striking.

In India, there are guidelines that have been put into place that have suggested a minimum of about 150 litres per day is needed (see here) via the Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation(CPHEEO) within India’s Ministry of Urban Development.

When you happen to look at 2007 stats for Mumbai, you get a figure of about 191 litres per day per capita (which presumably also includes a heavy load from non-residential use), but there are some major cities such as Bhopai (right in the middle of India and a city with over 1.5 million residents), where the daily consumption is calculated at 72 litres per day per capita (again, this would include non-residential). To put this in perspective, this is equivalent to just over 3 conventional toilet flushes (~67 litres).

Just in case you like to visualize what these volumes all mean, here’s an image of two fridges: one designed with a freezer/fridge compartment to hold 300L and the other to hold 70L.

70vs30fridges

rottenislandIsn’t this picture great?

This is from a book called Rotten Island, which was written and drawn by William Steig (best known for his books, Sylvester and the Magic Pebble, as well as Shrek). Anyway, Rotten Island chronicles a place that begs:
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